The Ph.D. Program in Law and Economics is unique. While one can separately earn a J.D. and a Ph.D. in economics at many other universities, our program is unique in that training in economics is fully integrated with training in law. Students learn economic theory and econometrics in the context of the law and legal issues. Our principal fields of concentration are risk and environmental regulation, labor and human resources, and behavioral law and economics.
At the completion of the program, you will receive a Ph.D. in Law and Economics and a J.D. While we anticipate that most of our graduates will pursue academic careers, other career paths are possible.
Students can complete the Ph.D. and J.D. in 6 years. Students can complete the Ph.D. alone in 4-5 years.
For students who have completed at least one year of a J.D. program, the first year of study includes core economics and law and economics courses. In subsequent years, students will take law, law and economics, and economics courses.
For those seeking both the Ph.D. and the J.D. degrees, the first year of study includes core economics and law and economics courses. The second year of study includes core J.D. courses. In subsequent years, all students will take law, law and economics, and economics courses and begin their dissertation research. For more detail see the Law and Economics Curriculum page.
No. The Ph.D. Program in Law and Economics is designed for the full-time student.
No. Students in the Ph.D. Program in Law and Economics must live within driving or walking distance of Vanderbilt University during the academic year. There are no opportunities to take courses online or to study remotely in the Ph.D. Program in Law and Economics.
All students admitted to the Ph.D. Program in Law and Economics receive 100% tuition support and a stipend for living expenses for study within the program.
Continuation of the award beyond the first year is contingent on satisfactory performance in the program.
Fellowship recipients will have research assistant responsibilities after completion of the first year of Ph.D. study and the first year of law study.
Successful applicants should have strong undergraduate coursework in math or courses using math. Highly recommended undergraduate courses are: (1) calculus, (2) linear algebra, (3) real analysis, (4) statistics, and (5) intermediate microeconomic theory.
Program students must attend the “math camp” offered by Vanderbilt's economics department during the month before the first semester of program study. The math camp reviews the mathematical tools used in the study of economics.
No. The Ph.D. Program in Law and Economics does not require a specific major as a condition of admission. However, admitted students usually major in economics or mathematics since the math competency level of the program is commensurate with leading doctoral programs in economics.
Individuals who have not taken the LSAT in the last five years and will not take the LSAT in the current admission cycle, may apply through the GRE-only Pathway and need not take the Law School Admission Test (LSAT). However, American Bar Association accreditation standards require that you (a) must have scored at or above the 85th percentile on the GRE, and (b) must have ranked in the top 10% of their undergraduate class through six semesters of academic work, or achieved a cumulative GPA of 3.5 or above through six semesters of academic work.
Individuals who have taken the Law School Admission Test (LSAT) in the last five years or will take the LSAT in the current admission cycle, must apply through the Standard J.D. Application Pathway. You must complete the Vanderbilt J.D. application, which requires submission of your LSAT score(s). Please visit the Law School Admissions website for complete instructions on the application process. Your Law School and Graduate School applications will be considered as one in a unified Ph.D. Program in Law and Economics selection process.
There is no minimum LSAT score; however, applicants with lower LSAT scores are admitted at lower rates than applicants with higher scores. The median score of J.D. students at Vanderbilt is 167. We consider each applicant's LSAT score in the context of all the information in the full application. This means that applicants with lower scores are more likely to be admitted if they are strong in other respects.
Yes. The Verbal and Quantitative GRE scores are required for admission to the Graduate School.
Students admitted to the Ph.D. Program in Law and Economics usually score above the 90th percentile on the Quantitative Reasoning portion of the GRE. The GRE Subject Test in Economics is not required. Other exam scores (GMAT, for example) may not be used in lieu of the GRE scores.
International students: Please note that applicants to the Ph.D. Program in Law and Economics holding foreign law degrees must take the LSAT and must satisfy J.D. program requirements during their course of study at Vanderbilt, receiving Ph.D. and J.D. degrees upon completion of the program. In some cases, applicants admitted to the Ph.D. program with foreign law degrees may qualify for up to one year advanced standing in J.D. program requirements. Decisions on advanced standing are made after admission to the Ph.D. program, and these applicants are not exempt from the LSAT application requirement.
Applicants whose native language is not English must present the results of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) with the application unless they have completed an undergraduate or graduate degree at an English-speaking institution.
Yes. Transcripts must be submitted with each application to the Law School (directly) and to the Graduate School (via the Center for Data Management). See the Law and Economics Admissions page for details.
Yes. Students who have completed graduate work in economics at other schools may request transfer credit for certain graduate courses completed elsewhere. In order for a course to qualify for transfer credit, it must meet certain conditions: (1) the course was taken at an accredited graduate school for graduate credit; (2) the student received at least a B in the course; and (3) the DGS must be satisfied that the course is of sufficient intellectual quality to count towards program requirements. Transfer hours do not count towards the student’s GPA unless they are to be considered as transferred didactic hours. Few courses are transferred as didactic hours. Credits earned for internships or research cannot be transferred. Pass/Fail courses may not be considered for transfer credit unless there is some basis for the grade, e.g., Pass represents a B grade or better.
Transfer credit will not be considered for the following courses: Law and Economics Theory I and II, Behavioral Law and Economics I and II, Econometrics for Legal Research.
Students transferring into the program from another law school are generally treated as though they had started law school at Vanderbilt. Credits for equivalent courses from another law school accredited by the American Bar Association may be considered towards upper-level electives, as applicable, though not in place of core courses.
If you are applying through the Standard J.D. Application Pathway, then yes. However, the same recommenders may write for each program. It is helpful if your recommenders highlight your law and economics interests and research potential. The Graduate School requires three letters of recommendation to complete your application, but up to five will be accepted. The Law School requires two letters of recommendation, but up to three will be accepted.
If you are applying through the GRE-Only Application Pathway, you need not submit letters of recommendation with your law school application. The Graduate School requires three letters of recommendation to complete your application.
The Graduate School application fee is $95.00. After you submit your application online, you will see instructions to pay the fee with a credit or debit card via a secure payment portal. If you submit applications to more than one program (maximum of two per year), only a single fee will be charged. In addition to fee waivers being granted based on the criteria here, a small number of additional waivers will be granted at the discretion of the program and school based on recruitment priorities. If you are not covered by any of the categories listed under Eligibility but feel your circumstances may warrant a fee waiver, please contact us at GSfeewaivers@vanderbilt.edu. We will be happy to discuss your situation and direct you to the appropriate person.
For your Law School application, you must register with the Law School Admissions Council (LSAC) and pay the requisite fees. A limited number of waivers for the $45 Credential Assembly Service Report fee are available and will be granted at the discretion of the program based on recruitment priorities. After registering with LSAC and obtaining your “L number” from CAS, complete the online application for Vanderbilt Law School . Applicants to the dual-degree program may contact the Law School Admissions Office for an application fee waiver by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org . You will need to provide your “L number.”
Yes. Students who have already been accepted to Vanderbilt Law School are welcome to apply to the Ph.D. Program in Law and Economics.
Yes. Students who have already been accepted to Vanderbilt Graduate School in another Ph.D. program are welcome to apply to the Ph.D. Program in Law and Economics.
Thank you for your interest in Vanderbilt. We look forward to working with you in the application process.